Melanoma

Melanoma Epidemiology

  • Approximately 3% of men and women will be diagnosed with melanoma at some point in their lifetime1
  • In 2015, an estimated 1,222,023 people in the United States were living with melanoma
  • Estimated new cases in 2018 = 91,270, or 3% of all new cancer cases1,2
    • The number of new melanoma cases was 8 per 100,000 men and women per year1
    • According to recent data, over the past decade rates for new melanoma cases has been rising by an average of 1.5% annually1
  • Melanoma is most frequently diagnosed among people aged 65-74, and the median age at diagnoses is 64 years1
    • Though the risk of melanoma increases with age, melanoma is one of the most common cancers among young adults (particularly young women)2
    • There are more new cases among Caucasians compared to any other ethnic group1,2
    • Melanoma is more common in men and among individuals with fair complexion and those who have been exposed to natural or artificial sunlight over extended periods of time1
    • Melanoma can occur in any ethnic group and in areas of the body with limited sun exposure3
  • Estimated deaths in 2018 = 9,320, or 5% of all cancer deaths1,2
    • Death rates are higher among middle aged and older adult patients1
    • Median age at death = 70 years1
    • The number of deaths was 6 per 100,000 men and women per year1
    • Based on data from 2006-2015, death rates due to melanoma have been decreased by an average of 1.2% annually1
  • According to data from 2008-2014, the percent of individuals with melanoma surviving 5 years = 31.8%1

References:

  1. National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program. Cancer Facts: Melanoma of the Skin. Available: www.seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/melan.html. Visited: May, 2018
  2. American Cancer Society. About Melanoma Skin Cancer. Key Statistics for Melanoma Skin Cancer. Available: www.cancer.org/cancer/melanoma-skin-cancer/about/key-statistics.html Accessed: May, 2018
  3. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology. Melanoma. Version 2.2018. January 19, 2018. Available: www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/melanoma.pdf Assessed: May, 2018