Head and Neck

Head and Neck Cancer

  • In the year 2000, head and neck cancer was the 8th leading cause of cancer death worldwide1
  • Worldwide 5-year survival rate for oral cancer is estimated to be less than 50% 1
  • Head and neck cancers account for an estimated 4% of all cancers in the united states2
  • These cancers are > 2x’s as common in men than women 1,2
  • Head and neck cancers are diagnosed more often in people over the age of 50 years in comparison to younger people2
  • African American males have a higher incidence of oral and oropharyngeal cancers in comparison to Caucasian males1
  • Estimated age standardized incidence/mortality rates for cancers of the lip and oral cavity in males and females in more developed regions of the world = 7.0/2.3 and 2.6/0.6 per 100,000 people annually3 (Gupta 2016)

References:

  1. Ragin CCR, Modugno F, Gollin SM. The Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Head and Neck Cancer: a Focus on Human Papillomavirus. 2007. J Dent Res 86(2):104-114.
  2. National Institute of Health. National Cancer Institute. Head and Neck Cancers. Available: www.cancer.gov/types/head-and-neck/head-neck-fact-sheet#q4. Reviewed: 3/2017, accessed 6/2018
  3. Gupta B, Johnson NW, Kumar N. Global Epidemiology of Head and Neck Cancers: A Continuing Challenge. Oncology. 2016;91(1):13-23. doi: 10.1159/000446117.