Head and Neck Head and Neck Cancer In the year 2000, head and neck cancer was the 8th leading cause of cancer death worldwide1 Worldwide 5-year survival rate for oral cancer is estimated to be less than 50% 1 Head and neck cancers account for an estimated 4% of all cancers in the united states2 These cancers are > 2x’s as common in men than women 1,2 Head and neck cancers are diagnosed more often in people over the age of 50 years in comparison to younger people2 African American males have a higher incidence of oral and oropharyngeal cancers in comparison to Caucasian males1 Estimated age standardized incidence/mortality rates for cancers of the lip and oral cavity in males and females in more developed regions of the world = 7.0/2.3 and 2.6/0.6 per 100,000 people annually3 (Gupta 2016) References: Ragin CCR, Modugno F, Gollin SM. The Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Head and Neck Cancer: a Focus on Human Papillomavirus. 2007. J Dent Res 86(2):104-114. National Institute of Health. National Cancer Institute. Head and Neck Cancers. Available: www.cancer.gov/types/head-and-neck/head-neck-fact-sheet#q4. Reviewed: 3/2017, accessed 6/2018 Gupta B, Johnson NW, Kumar N. Global Epidemiology of Head and Neck Cancers: A Continuing Challenge. Oncology. 2016;91(1):13-23. doi: 10.1159/000446117.