BREAST CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY

Breast Cancer

  • In 2018, it is estimated that 268,670 individuals in the U.S. will receive a new breast cancer diagnosis, of which 99.1% will be female1
  • In 2018, an estimated 15.3% (n=266,120) of new cancer cases diagnosed in women will be breast cancer2
  • The estimated median overall survival of metastatic breast cancer is 2-3 years, and the 5-year overall survival for patients with metastatic breast cancer is approximately 27%1,3
  • Estimated deaths caused by breast cancer in 2018 = 40,92011
  • Due to early detection and individualized treatment, the death rate for breast cancer has decreased over the past 20 years1
  • A woman’s approximate lifetime risk of developing cancer is 12.4%2
  • Data supports the correlation between a strong nurse-patient relationship and a positive influence on patient satisfaction, improvements in adherence, health literacy and quality of life4,5

Sources and Additional Reading for Breast Cancer Epidemiology:

  1. Siegal RL, et al. Cancer Statistics, 2018;68:7-30. doi: 10.3322/caac.21442
  2. National Cancer Institute. Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program. Cancer Stat Facts: Female Breast Cancer. https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/breast.html
  3. American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts and Figures 2017. Atlanta ACS 2017. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/content/dam/cancer-org/research/cancer-facts-and-statistics/annual-cancer-facts-and-figures/2017/cancer-facts-and-figures-2017.pdf
  4. Albert U, Zemlin C, Hadji P, et al. The Impact of Breast Care Nurses on Patients’ Satisfaction, Understanding of the Disease, and Adherence to Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy. Breast Care 2011;6:221-226. Doi: 10.1159/000329006
  5. Cardoso F, Costa A, Senkus E, et al. 3rd ESO-ESMO International Consensus Guidelines for Advanced Breast Cancer. Annals of Oncology. 28:16-33,2017. Doi:10.1093/annonc/mdw544
  6. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology Breast Cancer. Version 1.2018. April 2017. Available at: https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/breast.pdf
  7. American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer Facts & Figures 2017-2018. Atlanta: American Cancer Society, Inc. 2017.
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Breast Cancer. https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/breast/statistics/
  9. World Health Organization. Cancer. http://www.who.int/cancer/detection/breastcancer/en/index1.html
  10. DeSantis CE, Fedewa SA, Goding Sauer A, et al. Breast Cancer Statistics, 2015: Convergence of Incidence Rates Between Black and White Women. CA Cancer J Clin 2016;66:31-42
  11. Torre LA, Goding Sauer AM, Moon Shen, et al. Cancer Statistics for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders, 2016: Converging Incidence in Males and Females. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. Volume 66, Issue 3, 2016. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.3322/caac.21335/pdf
  12. Ploos van Amstel F, Prins JP, van der Graaf M, Peters MEWJ, Ottevanger PB. The effectiveness of a nurse-led intervention with the distress thermometer for patients treated with curative intent for breast cancer: design of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Cancer (2016) 16:520. Doi: 10.1186/s12885-016-2565-x